From Scratch: Kitchen Conversions

June 28, 2012

Photo by Sarah Shatz

Has it been a while since elementary school math? We've got you covered. Having a table of kitchen conversions at the ready can make baking projects, adjusting the yield of a recipe, and using international (metric) recipes a breeze. The charts below focus on the most commonly used measurements and closely approximated conversions. For odd quantities not on the charts, just use your newly refreshed math skills and take your calculator for a spin.

One measurement that always trips us up: butter! The quantity of butter is written differently in every recipe, but we've attempted to commit this succession of conversions to memory: 1 stick of butter = 8 tablespoons = 1/2 cup = 4 ounces or 1/4 pound. Whew! One conversion down.

Liquid (Volume) Measurements

1 tablespoon  3 teaspoons 1/2 fluid ounce 15 milliliters
1/4 cup 4 tablespoons 2 fluid ounces 60 milliliters
1/2 cup 8 tablespoons 4 fluid ounces 120 milliliters 
3/4 cup 12 tablespoons  6 fluid ounces 180 milliliters
1 cup 16 tablespoons 8 fluid ounces 240 milliliters
1 pint 2 cups 16 fluid ounces 475 milliliters
1 quart 4 cups 32 fluid ounces 950 milliliters
1 gallon 4 quarts 128 fluid ounces  3.8 liters


Dry (Weight) Measurements

1/4 ounce 7 grams  
1 ounce 28.35 grams   
4 ounces 113 grams 1/4 pound
8 ounces 227 grams 1/2 pound
12 ounces 340 grams 3/4 pound
16 ounces 454 grams 1 pound
32 ounces 907 grams 2 pounds
35.2 ounces   1 kilogram 2.2 pounds 


Temperature Conversions

32°F 0°C
200°F 93°C
212°F  100°C 
225°F 107°C
250°F 121°C
275°F 135°C
300°F 149°C
325°F 163°C
350°F 177°C
375°F 191°C
400°F 204°C
425°F 218°C
450°F 232°C
475°F 246°C
500°F 260°C
525°F 274°C
550°F 288°C
575°F 302°C
600°F 316°C

Like this post? Check out last week's From Scratch topic: Popcorn 101.

7 Comments Add a Comment
  • Stringio

    debbie.stirlingmacdonald says: Can anyone help..I'm trying to figure out cup sizes of foods in a recipe..recipe calls for 18 medium tomatoes, chopped, but would like to know how many cups is canned/prepared tomatoes to equal 18?! Any help is greatly appreciated!!

    about 1 year ago Reply to this »
  • Molly1bw

    molly's kitchen says: Hi Debbie! This would be a great question for Foodpickle. Just post your question and fellow home cooks (many of whom have probably run into funny recipes like the one you're dealing with) will come to the rescue!

    about 1 year ago
  • Missing_avatar

    jillwaldon says: Love it!!1 Can you do one for like converting items on hand for an item called for in a recipe?? Such as: 1 C. buttermilk = 1 C. milk (minus a tbl.) and splash of lemon juice or vinegar,

    about 1 year ago Reply to this »
  • Molly1bw

    molly's kitchen says: Hi Jill! Check out our "Homemade Substitutions" post for handy stand-ins:

    about 1 year ago
  • Missing_avatar

    Levine says: The dry (weight) measurements are not correct: 1/4 ounce = 7 grams (28,35 : 4) 4 ounces = 113 grams (28,35 x 4) 8 ounces - 226 grams 12 ounces = 340 grams

    about 1 year ago Reply to this »
  • Molly1bw

    molly's kitchen says: Great catch, Levine! The weights have been corrected.

    about 1 year ago
  • Missing_avatar

    gourmet metrics says: My vote is to be bi-metric so I do not have to translate. That way I can use cups and spoons from my favorite American sources or grams and liters for my favorite European sources.

    about 1 year ago Reply to this »

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